This is the fifth in a series of posts on the subject. Scroll to the end to see the most recent posts in the series.


The nation has been captivated by reports of rising crime and the wave of criminal justice reform. Some news outlets and elected officials claim a correlation between the two, but this is perhaps a hasty assessment. In order to better understand how criminal justice reform efforts could be affecting increases in crime, we will be digging into the data, history and current criminal justice reform efforts of six Safety and Justice Challenge sites across the United States. Readers can learn about unique criminal justice reform initiatives in these communities as well as whether the implementation of these efforts (or lack thereof) could be associated with an increase or decrease in crime. To learn more about this series, you can access the introduction here.

Location Information

Baton Rouge, La., is a racially diverse community known for the oil industry, Mississippi river views and the largest state capitol building in the country. Baton Rouge lies within the largest parish in the state and is home to 222,000 of the 450,000 parish residents. East Baton Rouge Parish includes 15 municipalities, but for data gathering purposes, we have focused on the 77 square miles of the City of Baton Rouge covered by the Baton Rouge Police Department.

Crime Statistics

From 2015 to 2020, Baton Rouge property crimes and violent crimes increased for two years, and then declined for the remaining four. The average daily jail population in East Baton Rouge Parish has been falling since 2018. The graph below reflects these trends.

While rapes and robberies have fallen significantly in Baton Rouge since 2015, murders and assaults have increased. In fact, Baton Rouge was one of the cities with the highest murder rates in 2020. Burglaries and larcenies increased from 2015-2017, but then decreased over the following four-year period. Motor vehicle thefts are down from a six-year high, but have fluctuated over the four-year period. These trends, using data from the Baton Rouge Police Department, are shown in the graph below.

Criminal Justice Reform Efforts

East Baton Rouge Parish has identified an over-reliance on incarceration, leading to higher arrest rates and worse outcomes for incarcerated individuals. Some efforts have helped reduce this reliance, including the decriminalization of marijuana in the parish (2018); action by the state legislation to ensure courtrooms and detention facilities are age appropriate for juveniles under the age of 18 (“raise the age” was enacted in 2017, but there is current pending legislation to repeal it); and the formation of the East Baton Rouge Parish Criminal Justice Coordinating Council who has championed additional efforts. Below, we have highlighted three criminal justice reform initiatives in Baton Rouge that help reduce jail populations.

Pre-trial Diversion

Rapid Case Assessment Team

The Bridge Center for Hope

While Baton Rouge has benefited from some criminal justice reform initiatives, more progressive initiatives—such as prearrest diversion in neighboring New Orleans and bail reform in nearby Houston—have not yet been implemented. However, the Parish is discussing a more robust mobile crisis response for individuals suffering from behavioral health as well as providing pretrial risk assessments and supervision to allow an informed pretrial option between pretrial detention and unsupervised release.


Evaluation of the collected data shows it is unlikely that criminal justice reform efforts affecting the City of Baton Rouge have created a rise in crime.

Rapes, robberies, burglaries, motor vehicle theft and larcenies are all down from their four-year highs, following the implementation of pretrial diversion. Many of these individual crimes saw their most significant decrease in 2020, which was the same year the city and parish implemented the rapid case assessment team. The Bridge Center of Hope did not begin serving the community until 2021—after the time period crime data was able to be compiled—so its impact on Baton Rouge is currently unknown. Given these statistics, it is concluded that these crimes could not have increased due to reform efforts.

Murders and assaults, however, have increased over the four-year period. The increase in murders is particularly troubling, bringing the city to one of the highest murder rates in the nation. These increases follow national trends following the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the discourse after the murder of George Floyd, but it is important to determine if local reforms have been a factor in the increase. The reform efforts that could have impacted crime trends—pretrial diversion and the rapid case assessment team—only deal with nonviolent offenses and were unlikely to have impacted violent crime trends. Therefore, it is doubtful that the reforms caused the increase in murder or assaults.

It would be prudent, however, for Baton Rouge to collect data of whether individuals released through pretrial diversion or expedited case review are committing violent offenses. Similarly, it should be evaluated whether these crimes are being committed by juveniles after Louisiana implemented “raise the age.” If a correlation exists and the trend of an increase in murders and assaults persisted into 2021 and continues into the future, analysis of whether these reforms are compromising public safety would be necessary. Further, a collaborative effort to collect and produce parish-wide crime data to better understand crime trends would be beneficial.

This post will be updated with links to each part in the series. 

Image: SeanPavonePhoto

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