The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Associate Fellow Anne Hobson.
Access to electronic evidence has been critical for enforcement efforts for more than a decade, especially in international investigations. Of course, the need for transnational data flow is complicated by the very nature of the borderless internet, the high volume of data and requests and long wait-times for results. These complications put pressure on domestic governments, international relations and companies engaged in internet commerce—all of which have implications for national security, international trade, privacy, human rights and innovation. Accordingly, this study analyzes different proposals for full or partial reform of the system of cross-border law enforcement demands.
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