Joint Industry Letter on QRM Risk Retention Review
The CFPB initiated a rulemaking, through the issuance of an advance notice of proposed rulemaking (“ANPR”), to address the upcoming expiration of the category of loans that obtain QM status due to their eligibility for purchase or guarantee by either Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac (“GSE Patch”). The GSE Patch is scheduled to expire on January 10, 2021 and the CFPB indicated its intent to allow cessation of the Patch on that deadline or “after a short extension, if necessary, to facilitate a smooth and orderly transition…” In the ANPR, the Bureau posed questions related to termination of the GSE Patch and other elements of the general QM definition. The CFPB comment period for the ANPR closed in September 2019, and it is expected that the agency will soon issue a notice of proposed rulemaking on QM.
As the Agencies are well-aware, QM and QRM are linked by law. Specifically, the definition of QRM can be “no broader than” the definition of QM. Therefore, to ensure the Agencies’ review of QRM is comprehensive and meaningful, we urge the Agencies to delay completing their review at least until the CFPB’s QM rulemaking is complete.
In 2014, the Agencies defined QRM as “a ‘qualified mortgage’ as defined in section 129C of the Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. 1639c) and regulations issued thereunder, as amended from time to time.” The Agencies’ objectives in adopting this definition were to protect the marketplace and ensure broad access to mortgage credit. It is critical that investors are confident in the quality of mortgages underlying securitizations and that borrowers are able to obtain financing for sustainable loans. A broad coalition of lenders, insurers, real estate professionals, consumer advocacy organizations, and civil rights groups supported this definition and these objectives at that time. From all indications available, these objectives have been met thus far, and the mortgage finance industry is functioning well under this regime.
Whether the definitions of QRM and QM should continue to be the same or whether changes need to be made, however, are questions that cannot be answered at this time. It is only after the CFPB has made its final determination on the definition of QM, and following some period of experience under the new QM configurations, that the Agencies would be in a position to evaluate and seek comment on the market and consumer impacts of QM/QRM equivalency versus divergence of the definitions.
American Bankers Association
American Escrow Association
American Land Title Association
Asian Real Estate Association of America
Center for Responsible Lending
Community Home Lenders Association
Community Mortgage Lenders of America
Consumer Bankers Association
Consumer Federation of America
Credit Union National Association
Durham Committee on the Affairs of Black People
Housing Policy Council
Independent Community Bankers of America
Leading Builders of America
Manufactured Housing Institute
Mortgage Bankers Association
National Association of Federal Credit Unions
National Association of Hispanic Real Estate Professionals
National Association of Home Builders
National Association of Housing Cooperatives
National Association of Real Estate Brokers
National Association of REALTORS®
National Community Reinvestment Coalition
National Council of State Housing Agencies
National Fair Housing Alliance
National Housing Conference
National Housing Resource Center
National NeighborWorks Association
R Street Institute
Real Estate Services Providers Council, Inc
Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
Structured Finance Association
The National Community Stabilization Trust
The Realty Alliance
U.S. Chamber of Commerce
U.S. Mortgage Insurers
 Codified at 12 C.F.R. pts. 43, 244, 373, and 1234; 17 C.F.R. pt. 246; and 24 C.F.R. pt. 267. References in this letter to the Credit Risk Retention Rule are to 12 C.F.R. pt. 43 for simplicity.
 Qualified Mortgage Definition under the Truth in Lending Act (Regulation Z), 84 Fed. Reg. 37155 (July 31, 2019).
 Id. at 37155.
 15 U.S.C. § 78o-11(e)(4)(C).
 The Credit Risk Retention Rule provides an opportunity for such a delay: “After completion of any review, but no later than six months after the publication of the notice announcing the review, unless extended by the agencies, the agencies shall jointly publish a notice disclosing the determination of their review.” 12 C.F.R. § 43.22(b).
 12 C.F.R. § 43.13(a)