Policy Studies

Is the sun rising on solar protectionism?

Sep 20, 2017…Suniva Inc.—a Chinese-owned, Atlanta-based and bankrupt solar firm—filed a petition in May 2017 with the International Trade Commission seeking import relief. Eventually joined in the petition by another …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/is-the-sun-rising-on-solar-protectionism/

California’s soaring poverty rates tied to its fiscal irresponsibility

…The U.S. Census Bureau’s latest statistics, released this month, find that California’s poverty rate remains the highest in the nation, despite dipping ever so slightly. The reason is no …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/californias-soaring-poverty-rates-tied-to-its-fiscal-irresponsibility/

Impact on New York State of taxing reinsurance transactions

Sep 14, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellows Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. The enormous devastation caused by Hurricane Harvey, still being tallied at the time …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-on-new-york-state-of-taxing-reinsurance-transactions/

Impact on the New Madrid zone of taxing reinsurance transactions

Sep 12, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellows Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. The enormous devastation caused by Hurricane Harvey, still being tallied at the time …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-on-the-new-madrid-zone-of-taxing-reinsurance-transactions/

Adjusting a carbon price at the border

Sep 7, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Energy Policy Director Josiah Neeley.  Economists from across the political spectrum support a carbon tax as the most efficient means to …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/adjusting-a-carbon-price-at-the-border/

A beginner’s guide to the Senate’s rules

Sep 5, 2017…The overall structure of Senate procedure is derived from five primary sources: The Constitution; the Standing Rules of the Senate; statutory rules passed by Congress and signed into …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-beginners-guide-to-the-senates-rules/

Refreshing price formation policy in wholesale electricity markets

Aug 31, 2017…In less than two decades, the rise and proliferation of organized wholesale electricity markets has resulted in more efficient and reliable operations and investment in the bulk transmission …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/refreshing-price-formation-policy-in-wholesale-electricity-markets/

Ebbing the flow of hydropower red tape

Aug 24, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by Tom Russo, an associate fellow of the R Street Institute and president of Russo on Energy LLC. Whether the United States can retain …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/ebbing-the-flow-of-hydropower-red-tape/

International trade rules for banning e-vapor products

Aug 15, 2017…In many contexts, including definitions set by the World Trade Organization, e-vapor products (EVPs) like e-cigarettes and tobacco-heated products (THPs, sometimes referred to as "heat-not-burn") may be regarded …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/international-trade-rules-for-banning-e-vapor-products/

The limits of executive orders in environmental deregulation

Aug 10, 2017…The attached policy short was co-authored by R Street Associate Fellow Catrina Rorke.  President Donald Trump has placed a strong emphasis on overhauling the sprawling regulatory state. Both he …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-limits-of-executive-orders-in-environmental-deregulation/

Regulatory pre-emption as prelude to carbon pricing

Aug 3, 2017…A significant contributor to the polarizing politics of climate-mitigation policy is the concern that any intervention to address greenhouse gas emissions comprehensively will necessarily be expensive. However, such …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/regulatory-pre-emption-as-prelude-to-carbon-pricing/

Are long weekends reducing Congress’ productivity?

Jul 27, 2017…The attached policy short was co-authored by Charles Hunt, a doctoral student at the University of Maryland, College Park. A common complaint of congressional observers—both those inside and outside the Beltway—is …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/are-long-weekends-reducing-congress-productivity/

A business case for federal operational improvements enabled by quality data

Jul 25, 2017…The attached policy study was published originally by Aplin Labs and co-authored with David Paschane, Aplin's CEO and lead scientist; Eric Hannel, a strategic consultant at Aplin; and Christian …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-business-case-for-federal-operational-improvements-enabled-by-quality-data/

Reasserting Congress’ investigative authority

Jul 20, 2017…Whether acting as a body or through its committees, Congress has the absolute constitutional power and responsibility to make and enforce any demands to the executive branch for …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reasserting-congress-investigative-authority/

How California softened its ‘tough-on-crime’ approach

Jul 18, 2017…California has a long history of pioneering criminal-justice reforms. From the 1960s to the early 2000s, such reforms mostly toughened the state's approach to handling criminals, with some …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-california-softened-its-tough-on-crime-approach/

Impact of a border-adjustment tax on the California insurance market

Jul 13, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellows Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. As the nation’s most populous state, among the wealthiest states and a state …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-of-a-border-adjustment-tax-on-the-california-insurance-market/

Bubbles, memory and governments

Jul 6, 2017…The attached policy short originally appeared in the Summer 2017 issue of Housing Finance International. It does not seem possible that in a reasonable let alone a rational world, housing …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/bubbles-memory-and-governments/

Curbing agricultural subsidies to open international markets

…The political fight over agricultural protectionism in Western capitalist democracies began in earnest with the British Parliament's passage of the Corn Laws in 1815. These laws erected tariffs …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/curbing-agricultural-subsidies-to-open-international-markets/

The Market Advantage: A Q&A with Joe Bowring

Jun 28, 2017…The PJM Interconnection is a regional transmission organization that administers competitive wholesale electricity markets. Monitoring Analytics, PJM's independent market monitor, evaluates PJM's markets and monitors the behavior of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-market-advantage-a-qa-with-joe-bowring/

The FCC and Quasi-Common Carriage: A case study of agency survival

Jun 26, 2017…The attached article, co-authored by Brent Skorup of George Mason University, originally was published in Vol. 18, Issue 2 of the Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology.  The …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-fcc-and-quasi-common-carriage-a-case-study-of-agency-survival/

Effects of BAT on life insurance and annuities

Jun 22, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellows Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. Descriptions of the formulas and regression models used to conduct this analysis can …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/effects-of-bat-on-life-insurance-and-annuities/

Regulatory harmonization between the United States and Canada

Jun 20, 2017…Renewed interest in regulatory reform in Washington is a necessary and positive development. A decadeslong accumulation of red tape and burdensome regulations imposes significant costs on the U.S. economy. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/regulatory-harmonization-between-the-united-states-and-canada/

Could economic liberty litigation ‘free the booze?’

Jun 13, 2017…The attached policy study originated as a three-part blog post series for the Federalist Society for Law and Public Policy. The South Carolina Supreme Court recently struck down a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/could-economic-liberty-litigation-free-the-booze/

Embracing baseload power retirements

May 30, 2017…A wave of coal and potential nuclear retirements has prompted extensive political controversy over the future of "baseload" power plants and the effects such retirements could have on …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/embracing-baseload-power-retirements/

Embarrassment of Riches: Reversing U.S. minerals import dependency

May 25, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellow Catrina Rorke. As recently as 1990, the United States was the world’s largest producer of minerals—a collection …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/embarrassment-of-riches-reversing-u-s-minerals-import-dependency/

Impact of a border-adjustment tax on the North Carolina insurance market

May 17, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street’s Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. As a state on the Southeast Atlantic Coast, North Carolina is vulnerable to the punishing …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-of-a-border-adjustment-tax-on-the-north-carolina-insurance-market/

Why risk and reliability matter more than fuel diversity

May 10, 2017…Policymakers often presume that diversity in electricity supply is inherently beneficial, even a necessity. This presumption manifests in industry catchphrases, campaign slogans, government policy objectives and beyond. It …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/why-risk-and-reliability-matter-more-than-fuel-diversity/

Impact of a border-adjustment tax on the Louisiana insurance market

May 4, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street's Ian Adams and R.J. Lehmann. Louisiana’s insurance markets took nearly a decade to recover fully from the damage wrought by …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-of-a-border-adjustment-tax-on-the-louisiana-insurance-market/

Impact of a border-adjustment tax on the Texas insurance market

Apr 27, 2017…The attached policy study, a joint publication of the Texas Public Policy Foundation, was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellow Ian Adams and Editor-in-Chief R.J. Lehmann. Applying a destination-based …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/impact-of-a-border-adjustment-tax-on-the-texas-insurance-market/

Making farm supports a safety net again

Apr 20, 2017…As part of his Fiscal Year 2018 budget blueprint, President Donald Trump requested a $4.7 billion cut in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, slashing the department’s budget by …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/making-farm-supports-a-safety-net-again/

Regulatory reform in the 114th and 115th Congresses

Apr 11, 2017…The election of Donald Trump presents what some see as the potential for a sea change in the American regulatory state, given the emphasis that candidate Trump put …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/regulatory-reform-in-the-114th-and-115th-congresses/

Re-energizing highway rest stops

Apr 6, 2017…Limitations on commercial activity at federal highway rest stops have rendered them dreary and unappealing, and embroiled states and the federal government in pointless bureaucratic battles. Meanwhile, the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/re-energizing-highway-rest-stops/

Can the voice of practitioners be further amplified in PAR?

Apr 4, 2017…James L. Perry’s "Amplifying the Voices of Practitioners in PAR" (March/April) was a very welcome read. So many academic journals are just that – academic. But not PAR, which …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/can-the-voice-of-practitioners-be-further-amplified-in-par/

What’s next for U.S. housing finance?

Apr 3, 2017…The attached policy study originally was published in the Spring 2017 edition of Housing Finance International. With the new administration of President Donald Trump, and simultaneous Republican majorities in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/whats-next-for-u-s-housing-finance/

Replacing fuel-economy rules with clean tax cuts

Mar 30, 2017…The federal approach to fuel-economy regulation is a bad deal for Americans. Consumers pay for costlier vehicles, but receive few discernable benefits. Making the situation worse is that fuel-economy …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/replacing-fuel-economy-rules-with-clean-tax-cuts/

Accessory Dwelling Units: A flexible free-market housing solution

Mar 21, 2017…Much of the American built environment was constructed in the post-World War II era, when government policy and planning fashion favored a highly dispersed development model centered on …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/accessory-dwelling-units-a-flexible-free-market-housing-solution/

E-cig tipping points vs. FDA deeming regulations

Mar 20, 2017…The attached policy study originally was published in Volume 8, Issue 1 of the Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy. In 2002, writer Malcom Gladwell introduced the concept of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/e-cig-tipping-points-vs-fda-deeming-regulations/

Zero rating in a competitive broadband market

Mar 9, 2017…Zero rating—that is, not charging end users for some categories of data use—represents the response of a functioning telecommunications market to consumer demand for broadband content. Unfortunately, not …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/zero-rating-in-a-competitive-broadband-market/

Legislative scrutiny of regulations in the Anglosphere

Mar 2, 2017…President Donald Trump’s inauguration could have significant implications for the U.S. regulatory state for two principal reasons. The first is that he is committed to reducing the regulatory …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/legislative-scrutiny-of-regulations-in-the-anglosphere/

Replacing ridesharing red tape with a red carpet

Mar 1, 2017…The attached policy study was published originally by the Texas Public Policy Foundation and was co-authored by Bryan Mathew, a policy analyst with TPPF's Center for Local Governance. Ridesharing …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/replacing-ridesharing-red-tape-with-a-red-carpet/

Aligning cybersecurity incentives in an interconnected world

Feb 16, 2017…In the stop-motion animated short “Wallace & Gromit: The Wrong Trousers,” the protagonist Wallace’s alarm clock kicks off a Rube Goldberg-like chain of machines and devices that dress …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/aligning-cybersecurity-incentives-in-an-interconnected-world/

Tobacco harm reduction potential for ‘heat not burn’

Feb 9, 2017…"Heat not burn" is a method of delivering the tobacco experience by heating, rather than igniting it. The potential benefits of this approach involve its ability either to …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/tobacco-harm-reduction-potential-for-heat-not-burn/

Disciplined policy responses to nuclear retirements

Feb 7, 2017…A combination of market, policy and regulatory factors have converged to squeeze the finances of the U.S. nuclear generation fleet. Among a variety of organic and external factors, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/disciplined-policy-responses-to-nuclear-retirements/

Florida’s four walls of insurance reform

Feb 2, 2017…The attached policy study originally was published by the James Madison Institute. For many years, Floridians struggled to purchase insurance coverage—whether it be for their properties, vehicles or employees—in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/floridas-four-walls-of-insurance-reform/

Eight tobacco harm reduction proposals for the federal government

Jan 31, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer and David Sweanor, professor at the University of Ottawa’s Center for Health Law. In 2015, 36.5 million …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/eight-tobacco-harm-reduction-proposals-for-the-federal-government/

Exit earmarks, enter lettermarks

Jan 30, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by Nicole Kalaf-Hughes, an assistant professor of political science at Bowling Green State University. Before convening the 115th Congress, Republicans and some …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/exit-earmarks-enter-lettermarks/

Environmental benefits of electricity policy reform

Jan 25, 2017…The structure of the electric industry can help shape environmental outcomes. In the United States, we have significant experience with the regulated monopoly model, which dates back to …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/environmental-benefits-of-electricity-policy-reform/

Reasserting Congress in regulatory policy

Jan 17, 2017…The attached policy study was originally published in "Policy Reforms for an Accountable Administrative State," the second installment in National Affairs' Unleashing Opportunity series. Congress is "the first branch," …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reasserting-congress-in-regulatory-policy/

Regulatory protectionism in the contact lens market

Jan 12, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Senior Fellow Alan Smith. New technologies often present competitive threats to established industries. Incumbent businesses sometimes respond in turn …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/regulatory-protectionism-in-the-contact-lens-market/

The Cincinnatian Doctrine revisited

Jan 4, 2017…The attached policy study originally appeared in the Winter 2016 edition of Housing Finance International. Ten years ago, in September 2006, just before the great housing bubble’s disastrous collapse, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-cincinnatian-doctrine-revisited/

How to modernize labor law

Jan 3, 2017…The attached policy study was co-authored by Andrew Stern, former president of the Service Employees International Union and a senior fellow at Columbia University. It appeared first in the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-to-modernize-labor-law/

Swapping the corporate income tax for a price on carbon

Dec 23, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Executive Director Andrew Moylan and Research Assistant Daniel Semelsberger. The corporate income tax and domestic carbon policy are two areas …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/swapping-the-corporate-income-tax-for-a-price-on-carbon/

The promise and limits of private cyber insurance

Dec 15, 2016…The wonders of the Internet Age have brought with them a previously unimagined level of interconnectedness among people and institutions around the world. The power and mobility of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-promise-and-limits-of-private-cyber-insurance/

2016 Insurance Regulation Report Card

Dec 13, 2016…Welcome to the fifth edition of the R Street Institute’s Insurance Regulation Report Card, our annual examination of which states do the best job of regulating the business …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/2016-insurance-regulation-report-card/

The Ever-Changing Bogeyman: How fear has driven immigration law and policy

Dec 2, 2016…The attached policy study appeared first in Vol. 77 of the Louisiana Law Review.  The campaign for the Republican nomination for the American presidency in 2015 and 2016 has …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-ever-changing-bogeyman-how-fear-has-driven-immigration-law-and-policy/

Rethinking expanded WIC eligibility and enrollment

Dec 1, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Douglas M. Call, a senior research analyst at the University of Maryland School of Public Policy. This study was adapted from the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/rethinking-expanded-wic-eligibility-and-enrollment/

Job-destroying effects of $15 minimum wage by metro, industry and occupation

Nov 29, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Zackary Hawley, assistant professor of economics at Texas Christian University. With a host of states and municipalities implementing large minimum wage …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/job-destroying-effects-of-15-minimum-wage-by-metro-industry-and-occupation/

Vapescore 2016: Regulating vapor products in U.S. cities

Nov 15, 2016…The attached study was co-authored by R Street Research Associate Dan Semelsberger  Americans' use of tobacco cigarettes has declined over the past decade from 20.9 percent of adults in 2004 …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/vapescore-2016-regulating-vapor-products-in-u-s-cities/

Government Information and Propaganda: How to draw a line?

Oct 27, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by John Maxwell Hamilton, the Hopkins P. Breazeale Professor in Louisiana State University’s Manship School of Mass Communication. A government cannot be held accountable …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/government-information-and-propaganda-how-to-draw-a-line/

Catching the Third Wave: A tale of two tech-policy battles

Oct 25, 2016…In his recent book "The Third Wave," AOL founder Steve Case outlines what the latest generation of technology companies will need to do to succeed, stressing the importance …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/catching-the-third-wave-a-tale-of-two-tech-policy-battles/

Homeownership Rates: It depends on whether you are married

Oct 14, 2016…The attached piece originally appeared in the Autumn 2016 edition of Housing Finance International. American political rhetoric endlessly repeats that homeownership is part of the “American Dream.” So …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/homeownership-rates-it-depends-on-whether-you-are-married/

Agents for Change: Competitive reforms for producer licensing

Oct 13, 2016…More than a quarter of the U.S. workforce currently is subject to some form of state occupational licensing requirement, a figure that compares with just 5 percent in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/agents-for-change-competitive-reforms-for-producer-licensing/

Where have all the nuclear plants gone?

Oct 6, 2016…With the recently announced planned retirements of nuclear facilities in Illinois and California, nearly 10 percent of the U.S. nuclear-energy fleet either already has closed or is scheduled …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/where-have-all-the-nuclear-plants-gone/

Reality Check: The regulatory landscape for virtual and augmented reality

Sep 29, 2016…The mobile game Pokémon Go burst onto the scene in July 2016 and, within weeks, had acquired an amazing 45 million daily users. Alas, its popularity began to fade just as …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reality-check-the-regulatory-landscape-for-virtual-and-augmented-reality/

A carbon bargain for conservatives

Sep 28, 2016…Policies to restrict the emission of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases already are a clear and present reality. Many conservatives might not agree with those ideas, but …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-carbon-bargain-for-conservatives/

Corporate Income Tax: More trouble than it’s worth

Sep 22, 2016…Politics often yields suboptimal policy. In some cases, visible benefits flow to a select group at the expense of the largely invisible broader public. In others, visible costs are imposed on …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/corporate-income-tax-more-trouble-than-its-worth/

The case for a Congressional Regulation Office

Sep 21, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Philip Wallach, senior fellow in governance studies at the Brookings Institution. It originally appeared in the Fall 2016 edition of National Affairs. To …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-case-for-a-congressional-regulation-office/

How the internet, the sharing economy and reputational feedback mechanisms solve the ‘lemons problem’

Sep 15, 2016…The attached paper was co-authored by Adam Thierer, Christopher Koopman and Chris Kuiper, and appeared in the University of Miami Law Review, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2016. This paper argues that the sharing …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-the-internet-the-sharing-economy-and-reputational-feedback-mechanisms-solve-the-lemons-problem/

How microgrids could help protect Texas

…Reliable electricity is vital to civilization. By harnessing the power of electricity, countries like the United States have achieved historically unprecedented levels of prosperity and human advancement. Growth …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-microgrids-could-help-protect-texas/

Strengthening congressional oversight of the intelligence community

Sep 13, 2016…The attached white paper is a joint product of the R Street Institute, DemandProgress, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and FreedomWorks. The U.S. House of Representatives created the House Permanent …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/strengthening-congressional-oversight-of-the-intelligence-community/

Criminal-justice reform is no boon to illegal aliens

Sep 12, 2016…A common avenue of attack against criminal-justice reform, particularly its mandatory-minimum provisions, is to invoke the bogeyman of illegal immigration. The argument generally suggests that incarcerated aliens would …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/criminal-justice-reform-is-no-boon-to-illegal-aliens/

Addressing risk in agriculture

Sep 8, 2016…The attached agriculture risk report from the Heritage Foundation was compiled with the advice and edits of an Agricultural Risk Advisory Task Force that included R Street Executive Director Andrew …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/addressing-risk-in-agriculture/

The shrinking market of midsized farms

…Americans enjoy a sense of collective national pride about the agricultural economy. The notion evokes mental images of proud farmers who provide our “amber waves of grain” and who weathered the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-shrinking-market-of-midsized-farms/

Wholesale electricity markets in the technological age

Aug 30, 2016…The U.S. power industry, a major underpinning of the national economy, has experienced significant regulatory and market transitions over its long history. The unique nature of electricity provision …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/wholesale-electricity-markets-in-the-technological-age/

PROP 56: Tobacco initiative fails to make crucial distinctions

Aug 25, 2016…The attached policy short was co-authored by R Street State Programs Director Cameron Smith.  As the United States’ failed experiment with Prohibition was drawing to a close, two major groups fought …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/prop-56-tobacco-initiative-fails-to-make-crucial-distinctions/

Types of organized electricity markets

Aug 18, 2016…Regional transmission organizations and independent system operators (RTO/ISOs) deliver reliable electricity through organized competitive markets. These markets reduce the costs to operate the grid and send long-term investment …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/types-of-organized-electricity-markets/

Traditionally regulated vs. competitive wholesale markets

…In the 1990s and 2000s, U.S. states chose either to restructure their wholesale electricity markets fully or partially, or to retain regulation of vertically integrated monopoly utilities.[i] Generally, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/traditionally-regulated-vs-competitive-wholesale-markets/

A case for stronger congressional committees

Aug 17, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Adam Chan, a summer 2016 research assistant at the R Street Institute. With congressional partisanship at record highs and congressional approval ratings at …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-case-for-stronger-congressional-committees/

A conservative approach to environmental principles

Aug 11, 2016…The lyrics of the classic hymn “America the Beautiful” – written by the poet Katharine Lee Bates during an 1893 trip to Pike’s Peak – testify to the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-conservative-approach-to-environmental-principles/

Economic characteristics of electricity

Aug 10, 2016…The physical fundamentals of energy inform the economic fundamentals of electricity. Power plants that generate electricity face both fixed and variable costs. Fixed costs do not vary with …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/economic-characteristics-of-electricity/

Physical characteristics of energy

… Power vs. Energy: Power is the instantaneous flow of electricity, or current – that is, the rate of electricity production, transfer or demand. Under the International System of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/physical-characteristics-of-energy/

Federal Power Act and organized electricity markets

Aug 2, 2016…Organized electricity markets that allow competition have evolved considerably since their inception in the late 1990s. A host of policy, market and technological developments have altered their outcomes …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/federal-power-act-and-organized-electricity-markets/

Coal divestment and the California insurance industry

Jul 26, 2016…California voters in 1988 dramatically expanded the power of the state Department of Insurance and turned the insurance commissioner post into an elected position. It also gave the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/coal-divestment-and-the-california-insurance-industry/

Six energy-policy reforms conservatives should embrace

Jul 22, 2016…The U.S. House demonstrated last month that the politics of climate solutions remain intractable. With bipartisan support, lawmakers overwhelmingly passed a resolution describing a carbon tax as, “not …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/six-energy-policy-reforms-conservatives-should-embrace/

Subsidized insurance increases vulnerability to climate change

Jul 21, 2016…Texas’ coastline is a source of economic strength and vitality. From oil-and-gas production to shipping to tourism, the region provides billions in economic value to the state. But …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/subsidized-insurance-increases-vulnerability-to-climate-change/

Pathways to competition in demand response

Jul 19, 2016…Demand response (DR) holds great promise to improve the competitiveness, reliability and environmental performance of the electricity system. DR refers to a system under which end-use customers earn …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/pathways-to-competition-in-demand-response/

Preparing for unforeseen opportunities outside academia

Jul 15, 2016…Upon entering graduate school, my plan was simple: land a tenure-track job at a university, and live the life of the mind. An old Volvo would carry me …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/preparing-for-unforeseen-opportunities-outside-academia/

Seven steps to housing-finance reform

Jul 12, 2016…The attached policy brief appeared in the Housing Finance Reform Incubator report published in July 2016 by the Urban Institute. The giant American housing finance sector is as important politically …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/seven-steps-to-housing-finance-reform/

Why can’t the US reform its housing-finance sector?

Jul 5, 2016…The attached policy brief appeared in the Summer 2016 edition of Housing Finance International, the quarterly journal of the International Union for Housing Finance (IUHF). It is sobering to …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/why-cant-the-us-reform-its-housing-finance-sector/

Curbing civil asset-forfeiture abuse

…An encouraging legislative development of recent years can be found in the way policymakers in Congress and across the states continue to pursue criminal-justice reforms in a bipartisan …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/curbing-civil-asset-forfeiture-abuse/

Farmers feed the world

Jun 30, 2016…As the U.S. Senate debated the farm bill in 2012, one of the measure's authors – Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan. – took to the floor to defend it …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/farmers-feed-the-world/

Reforming penalty interest in Texas insurance claims

Jun 28, 2016…There are few things that undermine the purpose of legislation more readily than the simple passage of time. Conditions in society may change substantially, but a law's wording …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reforming-penalty-interest-in-texas-insurance-claims/

Doctor’s Orders: E-cigarettes in U.S. clinical practice

Jun 23, 2016…E-cigarettes and related nicotine vapor devices have become extremely popular among smokers in the United States, while attracting remarkably few nonsmokers to continuing nicotine use. According to a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/doctors-orders-e-cigarettes-in-u-s-clinical-practice/

The future of work

Jun 22, 2016…The attached policy study appeared in the Summer 2016 edition of National Affairs.  In recent years, more than a few Americans in public life have spoken of a revolutionary …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-future-of-work/

Does the Federal Reserve know what it’s doing?

Jun 6, 2016…The attached policy study was published in Cato Journal,  Vol. 36, No. 2. The Federal Reserve is the most financially dangerous institution in the world. It represents tremendous systemic risk—more …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/does-the-federal-reserve-know-what-its-doing/

The mythical ‘savings’ of the 2014 farm bill

May 19, 2016…Shortly after the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015 was unveiled, text of the legislation, which promised to raise the nation’s debt limit and set spending levels through September …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-mythical-savings-of-the-2014-farm-bill/

Capping premium subsidies won’t kill crop insurance

May 12, 2016…The federal crop insurance program, administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Risk Management Agency (RMA), serves as the largest single source of federal support for farms …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/capping-premium-subsidies-wont-kill-crop-insurance/

Congress, not DOJ or the courts, should decide whether to update music-copyright framework

May 5, 2016…Tom Lehrer’s famous recording of his song “New Math” begins with the joke that, in teaching basic mathematics in the New Math way, “the important thing is to …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/congress-not-doj-or-the-courts-should-decide-whether-to-update-music-copyright-framework/

Limiting premium subsidies for crop insurance

Apr 28, 2016…One of the most persistent inaccurate claims made by some farm-lobby advocates, not to mention elected representatives with agricultural constituencies, is that any change to the Federal Crop …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/limiting-premium-subsidies-for-crop-insurance/

Improving the market for clean energy in Texas

Apr 21, 2016…The last few years have seen an incredible decline in the price of technologies that provide clean energy or increase energy efficiency. The cost of solar power has …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/improving-the-market-for-clean-energy-in-texas/

What drives tobacco-control policy?

Apr 20, 2016…The attached policy brief has been accepted for publication by the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research. This is a follow-up to the presentation by Dr. David Ashley of the FDA’s …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/what-drives-tobacco-control-policy/

Interpretive rules are missing piece in regulatory-reform debate

Apr 12, 2016…The attached policy short was co-authored by Daniel J. Richardson. Regulatory reform has garnered significant attention lately, both in Congress and on the campaign trail. Republican nominees for president …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/interpretive-rules-are-missing-piece-in-regulatory-reform-debate/

A conservative case to ‘raise the age’ in Michigan

Apr 7, 2016…In recent years, conservative policymakers in states across the nation have come to question whether the one-sizefits-all “tough on crime” approaches adopted in the 1980s and 1990s are …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-conservative-case-to-raise-the-age-in-michigan/

Update on U.S. property prices in the Fed’s brave new world

Apr 5, 2016…  The attached policy short was published in the Spring 2016 edition of Housing Finance International, the quarterly journal of the International Union for Housing Finance. Readers of my last …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/update-on-u-s-property-prices-in-the-feds-brave-new-world/

Rash Ratemaking: Lessons from Nevada’s NEM reforms

Mar 31, 2016…In a December 2015 order, the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN) made drastic changes in its policies governing net energy metering (NEM), the process under which consumers …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/rash-ratemaking-lessons-from-nevadas-nem-reforms/

Predatory foreign investment and domestic energy security

Mar 29, 2016…The attached paper was co-authored by John Roberts. U.S. energy markets started 2016 with good news. The 40-year-old oil-export ban, which long has hamstrung one of the world’s …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/predatory-foreign-investment-and-domestic-energy-security/

Critiquing the CFA Institute’s report on proxy access

Mar 28, 2016…Is proxy access – that is, the ability of certain privileged shareholders to have their own slate of director nominees included in the proxy-solicitation materials public companies must …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/critiquing-the-cfa-institutes-report-on-proxy-access/

Florida and the RESTORE Act: A progress report

Mar 25, 2016…INTRODUCTION Almost six years after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, states along the Gulf Coast continue to deal with the spill's aftermath. In October 2015, BP and the U.S. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/florida-and-the-restore-act-a-progress-report/

Reimagining retirement for the gig economy

Mar 24, 2016…The emergence of the so-called “gig economy” – employment situations in which a worker may spread his or her labor among several part-time or freelance arrangements with several …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reimagining-retirement-for-the-gig-economy/

Why are farmers telling kids what to eat?

Mar 17, 2016…The attached policy short was published in the March 17, 2016 edition of Politico.   The law governing America’s school lunches is up for renewal this year, and the 210-page …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/why-are-farmers-telling-kids-what-to-eat/

Sizing up the FCIC report five years later

…Ongoing debates about the financial crisis of 2007 to 2009 keep reminding us that economics is not a science. It can’t be used by governments to manage economic …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/sizing-up-the-fcic-report-five-years-later/

Roomscore 2016: Short-term-rental regulation in U.S. cities

Mar 16, 2016…See the report's full methodology and results at Roomscore.org. In recent years, discussion of the so-called “sharing economy” has dominated local politics in many cities across the country, and …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/roomscore-2016-short-term-rental-regulation-in-u-s-cities/

Charting a path forward for Internet access in India

Mar 11, 2016…The attached policy short was co-authored by R Street Associate Fellow Sharada Srinivasan.   When India’s network-neutrality activists won an overwhelming victory in February, their first impulse was to celebrate on …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/charting-a-path-forward-for-internet-access-in-india/

Texas and the RESTORE Act: A progress report

Mar 10, 2016…As we approach the sixth anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, which is coming up on April 20, states along the Gulf Coast continue to deal with …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/texas-and-the-restore-act-a-progress-report/

Regulatory Budgeting: Lessons from Canada

Mar 8, 2016…American conservatives have not tended to look to Canada for inspiration. Canada has been derided as a land of big government, high levels of taxation and, of course, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/regulatory-budgeting-lessons-from-canada/

SLAPPed for raising questions about fraud

Mar 3, 2016…The attached policy short was co-authored by R Street Legal Intern Moriah Mensah.   In 2009, Angelique Smith and other parents of students at Agora Cyber Charter School began questioning …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/slapped-for-raising-questions-about-fraud/

Local labor markets and the federal Earned Income Tax Credit

Mar 1, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Zackary Hawley. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), which offers relief from federal income-tax payments for a targeted group of taxpayers, is based …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/local-labor-markets-and-the-federal-earned-income-tax-credit/

Alternatives to Net Metering: A pathway to decentralized electricity markets

Feb 23, 2016…The traditional regulated monopoly model for electric utilities is outdated and limits both innovation and product and service development in the power sector. One current example is the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/alternatives-to-net-metering-a-pathway-to-decentralized-electricity-markets/

H.R. 2058 and the regulation of e-cigarettes

Feb 18, 2016…H.R. 2058, recently introduced in May 2015 by U.S. Rep. Tom Cole, R-Okla., draws the attention of policymakers to the structure of the Food and Drug Administration’s regulatory …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/h-r-2058-and-the-regulation-of-e-cigarette/

The temptations of housing finance bubbles

Feb 17, 2016…A version of this policy short originally appeared in the Winter 2015 issue of the journal Housing Finance International. Running up the leverage is the snake in the housing …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-temptations-of-housing-finance-bubbles/

The U.S. Postal Service’s ghost ship board

Feb 9, 2016…The attached policy study was co-authored by Daniel J. Richardson.    To appreciate democratic dysfunction, one need look no further than the U.S. Postal Service. That single agency is home …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-u-s-postal-services-ghost-ship-board/

The tension between hedge fund activism and corporate law

Feb 5, 2016…The attached paper was presented at a Jan. 22, 2016 symposium honoring the work of Henry G. Manne, sponsored by the Law & Economics Center at George Mason …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-tension-between-hedge-fund-activism-and-corporate-law/

Restoring Congress as the first branch

Jan 28, 2016…In late 2014, the R Street Institute launched the Governance Project. Its task is large: to assess and improve the state of America’s system of national self-governance, with …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/restoring-congress-as-the-first-branch/

The definition of SIFIs must Include Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the Federal Reserve banks and Open Market Committee and large federal credit programs

Jan 12, 2016…The attached policy study, offered as a response to MIT Center for Finance and Policy's SIFI Contest, was co-authored by Thomas H. Stanton of the American Enterprise Institute. The Financial Stability …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-definition-of-sifis-must-include-fannie-mae-and-freddie-mac-the-federal-reserve-banks-and-open-market-committee-and-large-federal-credit-programs/

Rethinking sex-offender registries

Jan 4, 2016…The attached was published originally in National Affairs Issue Number 26 - Winter 2016.   As they bicycled and scootered back to their homes from a trip to the local …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/rethinking-sex-offender-registries/

The role of flavoring in tobacco harm reduction

Dec 22, 2015…EXECUTIVE SUMMARY One of the great public health controversies of our time surrounds the debate over what role Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS), of which e-cigarettes are the most …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-role-of-flavoring-in-tobacco-harm-reduction/

Ridescore 2015: Hired driver rules in U.S. cities

Dec 17, 2015…The attached policy study was coauthored by R Street Digital Director Zach Graves.  R Street researchers last year embarked on an ambitious project to assess 50 of America’s largest …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/ridescore-2015-hired-driver-rules-in-u-s-cities/

Transparency in music licensing and the statutory remedy problem

Dec 8, 2015…The modern conversation about music copyright has been shaped by the emergence of new digital business models. As these new markets for music open, one might expect the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/transparency-in-music-licensing-and-the-statutory-remedy-problem/

2015 Insurance Regulation Report Card

Dec 1, 2015…Welcome to the fourth edition of the R Street Institute’s Insurance Regulation Report Card, our annual examination of which states do the best job of regulating the business …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/2015-insurance-regulation-report-card/

The Texas Path: Preserving energy sovereignty to cut taxes

Nov 18, 2015…Texas faces some tough energy choices. Under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Plan (CPP), Texas is expected by 2030 to have reduced carbon dioxide (CO2 ) …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-texas-path-preserving-energy-sovereignty-to-cut-taxes/

Using prizes to spur innovation and government savings

Nov 12, 2015…In myriad sectors of the U.S. economy, from military technology to medical care, the federal government serves as the single-largest spender. As such, many of the innovations, inventions …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/using-prizes-to-spur-innovation-and-government-savings/

The flexible future of work

Nov 10, 2015…Working with partners from the worlds of business, labor and academia, the R Street Institute recently took part in crafting an open letter to policymakers that lays out …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-flexible-future-of-work/

The troublesome legacy of Prop 103

Oct 28, 2015…In 1988, California voters approved Proposition 103 by a slim margin, 51 percent to 48 percent. Over the more than a quarter-century since its passage, implementation of the measure has …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-troublesome-legacy-of-prop-103/

Shoring up Florida’s property insurance market

Oct 26, 2015…Hurricane Wilma’s Oct. 24, 2005, landfall in Collier County capped an historic two-year period during which Florida reeled under the unrelenting blitz of seven back-to-back major hurricanes. Six …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/shoring-up-floridas-property-insurance-market/

Could the modern Senate manage an open-amendment process?

Oct 8, 2015…The attached paper was co-authored by R Street Governance Project Director Kevin Kosar. At the start of the 114th Congress, newly minted Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., announced …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/could-the-modern-senate-manage-an-open-amendment-process/

The costs and benefits of subjecting juveniles to sex-offender registration and notification

Sep 29, 2015…Every state and territory in the United States has registration and notification laws that apply to adults convicted of, and juveniles adjudicated delinquent for, certain sex offenses. Most …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-costs-and-benefits-of-subjecting-juveniles-to-sex-offender-registration-and-notification/

How to strengthen Congress

Sep 21, 2015…After last November's elections left Republicans with control of the Senate and an expanded advantage in the House, triumphant party leaders announced their intention to do the hard …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-to-strengthen-congress/

The green side of fracking

Sep 16, 2015…Originally patented in 1949, hydraulic fracturing – known colloquially as "fracking" – is a process to recover oil and gas from shale rock. In the fracking process, water, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-green-side-of-fracking/

Marriage penalties in the modern social-welfare state

Sep 8, 2015…This study was co-authored by R Street Associate Fellow Neil Gilbert.   Marriage rates are down in the United States. Indeed, they are down throughout almost all of the West. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/marriage-penalties-in-the-modern-social-welfare-state/

Using the Clean Power Plan’s carbon fee option to offset state taxes

Aug 18, 2015…Earlier this month, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency released the final version of its Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units. Known colloquially …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/using-the-clean-power-plans-carbon-fee-option-to-offset-state-taxes/

Public-pension funds play with newest toy in corporate governance

Aug 13, 2015…Shareholder-wealth maximization generally is accepted as the default objective of an investment fund, though there are exceptions to the rule. For example, an investment adviser might create a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/public-pension-funds-play-with-newest-toy-in-corporate-governance/

Federal agency compliance with congressional regulatory deadlines

Aug 4, 2015…The final years of the Obama administration, like the Bush administration before it, have been characterized by acrimonious debates over executive power and accountability. Regulatory deadlines are just …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/federal-agency-compliance-with-congressional-regulatory-deadlines/

6 charts that debunk the ‘gig’ economy

Jul 22, 2015…The headlines are, by now, depressingly familiar: "more Americans are stuck in part-time work" or "part-time jobs put millions in poverty." Former U.S. Labor Secretary Robert Reich recently …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/6-charts-that-debunk-the-gig-economy/

Preserving energy access for distributed generation

Jul 16, 2015…ISSUE SNAPSHOT Moving our energy generation paradigm increasingly toward distributed generation and market choice provides many potential benefits. Regulations and state policy should ensure access to existing infrastructure at rates …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/preserving-energy-access-for-distributed-generation/

Proxy Access: Shareholder democracy or creeping mercantilism?

Jul 15, 2015…Following certain rule changes made by Congress and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, the 2015 proxy season has seen a deluge of shareholder proposals at U.S. public …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/proxy-access-shareholder-democracy-or-creeping-mercantilism/

R Street RESTORE Act Scorecard

Jun 30, 2015…State and local officials charged with selecting and funding projects under the RESTORE Act must carefully prioritize. Toward that end, the R Street Institute has created a scorecard …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/r-street-restore-act-scorecard/

TV regulation in the age of digital downloads

…Television viewing must now be added to the long list of activities the Internet has changed. The time when audiences across the country simultaneously experienced a televised event—such …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/tv-regulation-in-the-age-of-digital-downloads/

Freeing investor capital for small business

Jun 23, 2015…Something has gone wrong with small business in America. For the first time since statistics were kept, the rate of business failure now exceeds the rate of business …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/freeing-investor-capital-for-small-business/

A practical approach to climate change

Jun 22, 2015…The attached policy study appeared in the Summer 2015 edition of National Affairs. Climate change resulting from human activity likely poses the biggest environmental risk modern society faces. Its …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-practical-approach-to-climate-change/

A guide through Senate amendments to the USA FREEDOM Act

Jun 2, 2015…The attached policy brief was co-authored by R Street Outreach Manager Nathan Leamer. NSA apologists (we sometimes call them “the security hawks”) could use the USA FREEDOM Act as …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-guide-through-senate-amendments-to-the-usa-freedom-act/

Governance in distributed generation: A Nevada case study

May 19, 2015…Disruptive innovation has hit electricity markets. Just as disruptive technologies and services have revolutionized telecom and urban-transportation markets by expanding consumer choice, electricity customers can now take advantage …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/governance-in-distributed-generation-a-nevada-case-study/

Oversight needed to get conservation compliance right

Apr 28, 2015…Ever since they were first signed into law by then-President Ronald Reagan in 1985, the so-called “conservation compliance” provisions of America’s agricultural support programs have stood as prime …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/oversight-needed-to-get-conservation-compliance-right/

Bracing for the storm

Apr 21, 2015…The attached report was co-authored jointly by members of the SmarterSafer Coalition. Hurricanes, floods, fires, and heat waves resulting in millions of dollars of damage are no longer unusual …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/bracing-for-the-storm-2/

Three steps for reasserting Congress in regulatory policy

Mar 10, 2015…Each year, federal agencies produce more regulations. These regulations affect nearly every aspect of our lives, yet are never voted on by Congress. This is a remarkable and …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/three-steps-for-reasserting-congress-in-regulatory-policy/

The role of U.S. research and development policy in nuclear power

Feb 24, 2015…The U.S. civil nuclear sector faces a number of challenges that threaten grid reliability and climate mitigation goals. Though current U.S. reactor designs improve confidence in the predictability …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-role-of-u-s-research-and-development-policy-in-nuclear-power/

Anti-rebating laws and the Utah experience

Feb 6, 2015…Most free-market proponents recognize there can be a productive role for sensible regulation, but the bar is relatively high. First, one must identify some clear and compelling consumer …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/anti-rebating-laws-and-the-utah-experience/

Before the Flood: Reducing Louisiana’s vulnerability to severe weather through market-based insurance reforms

Feb 5, 2015…This paper will examine Louisiana's vulnerability to severe weather and suggest market-based reforms to adapt to extreme inherent risks, which could be exacerbated by a changing climate. It is …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/before-the-flood-reducing-louisianas-vulnerability-to-severe-weather-through-market-based-insurance-reforms/

Lasting reforms for Florida’s property insurance market

Jan 27, 2015…With the 2014 Hurricane Season having drawn to an unremarkable close, Florida has now gone nine years without a hurricane making landfall. This represents the longest such “drought” …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/lasting-reforms-for-floridas-property-insurance-market/

Insuring a way out: Modernizing the California Earthquake Authority

Jan 22, 2015…California faces severe earthquake risk, yet consumers routinely choose not to purchase insurance products to cover this risk. Low earthquake insurance take-up rates create a scenario in which …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/insuring-a-way-out-modernizing-the-california-earthquake-authorit/

Come hail or high water: Texas’ litigation explosion

Jan 15, 2015…Texas is known for its extreme weather. From hurricanes along the coast to wildfires in Bastrop, the state has absorbed more than its share of weather-related property damage. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/come-hail-or-high-water-texas-litigation-explosion/

Why I left the Congressional Research Service

Jan 5, 2015…The attached piece originally appeared in the January/February 20 edition of Washington Monthly. If there’s one event that epitomizes why I quit my job last October as a researcher …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/why-i-left-the-congressional-research-service/

2014 Insurance Regulation Report Card

Dec 17, 2014…Since it opened its doors two years ago, R Street has issued an annual Insurance Regulation Report Card. This is the third edition of our annual examination of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/2014-insurance-regulation-report-card/

Ridescore 2014: Hired driver rules in U.S. cities

Nov 12, 2014…The attached paper was co-authored by Ryan Xue, Evan Engstrom and Zach Graves. Visit R Street's companion website, www.ridescore.org, for an interactive visual presentation of our regulatory scorecard. Over the past several …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/transportation-regulation-scorecard-2014/

Earthquakes and home mortgage risk

Oct 24, 2014…The United States faces severe earthquake risk in many areas of the country, yet consumers routinely choose not to purchase insurance products to cover this risk. Low earthquake …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/earthquakes-and-home-mortgage-risk-2/

Blurred Lines: Insurance challenges in the ride-sharing market

Oct 7, 2014…The world of property/casualty insurance long has been divided into two separate and entirely circumscribed hemispheres: the personal and the commercial. Personal lines policies – primarily home and …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/blurred-lines-insurance-challenges-in-the-ride-sharing-market/

Embracing the peer-production economy

Sep 22, 2014…(The attached paper, co-authored by R Street Executive Director Andrew Moylan, appear in the Fall 2014 edition of National Affairs.) Enthusiasts of the growing "peer-production" or "sharing" economy are …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/embracing-the-peer-production-economy/

Alternatives to government broadband

Sep 9, 2014…   Universal access to high-speed broadband is a desirable social goal. There is no question that broadband brings incalculable utility and value to individuals, businesses and organizations. Because broadband …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/alternatives-to-government-broadband/

Five principles for regulating the peer production economy

Jul 29, 2014…The attached paper was co-authored by R Street Executive Director Andrew Moylan. Economic history over the last 200 years is largely the story of the industrial move from small-scale …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/five-principles-for-regulating-the-peer-production-economy/

E-cigarettes: A life-saving technology or a way for tobacco companies to re-normalize smoking in American society?

Jul 9, 2014…   The attached study appeared in the June 30, 2014 edition of the Food and Drug Law Institute's Food and Drug Policy Forum. Electronic cigarettes, commonly referred to as "e-cigarettes," …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/e-cigarettes-a-life-saving-technology-or-a-way-for-tobacco-companies-to-re-normalize-smoking-in-american-society/

E-cigarette primer for state and local lawmakers

Jun 24, 2014…Cigarettes kill an estimated 480,000 Americans each year. An estimated 46 million Americans smoke cigarettes, the most hazardous and most addictive of tobacco products. Despite our best efforts, …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/e-cigarette-primer-for-state-and-local-lawmakers/

The case in favor of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction

Jun 20, 2014…This paper has been accepted for publication in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. A carefully structured Tobacco Harm Reduction (THR) initiative, with e-cigarettes as a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-case-in-favor-of-e-cigarettes-for-tobacco-harm-reduction/

Is interactive design becoming unpatentable?

…If 20th Century design was inspired by American architect Louis Sullivan's 1896 pronouncement that "form ever follows function," the key realization thus far of the 21st Century has …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/is-interactive-design-becoming-unpatentable/

A rational approach to U.S. civil nuclear power

May 15, 2014…The U.S. commercial nuclear sector is in trouble. Absent significant policy changes, the near-term closure of a number of reactors appears increasingly inevitable. Much has been written about …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-rational-approach-to-u-s-civil-nuclear-power/

Fugitive emissions from hydraulic fracturing: Current knowledge and policy implications

May 8, 2014…Recent innovations in drilling technology, especially staged hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") and horizontal drilling, have unlocked unconventional resources of oil and natural gas.  These developments represent a revolutionary moment …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/fugitive-emissions-from-hydraulic-fracturing-current-knowledge-and-policy-implications/

WORKING PAPER: Conservation in the 113th Congress

Apr 30, 2014…With no major storm events and few environmental catastrophes in the United States in 2013 or thus far in 2014, it's been easy for policymakers to lose a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/working-paper-conservation-in-the-113th-congress/

Guarding against abuse: Restoring constitutional copyright

…Copyrights are intended to encourage creative works through the mechanism of a statutorily created limited property right. Under both economic and legal analysis, they are recognized as a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/guarding-against-abuse-restoring-constitutional-copyright/

Homesick: How housing tax breaks benefit the wealthy and create McMansions

Apr 22, 2014…Since its inception a century ago, the individual income tax code has been exceedingly generous to homeowners.  Homeowners may deduct the interest paid on up to $1 million …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/homesick-how-housing-tax-breaks-benefit-the-wealthy-and-create-mcmansions/

Rethinking tax benefits for home owners

Mar 24, 2014…The attached piece, which appeared in the Spring 2014 issue of National Affairs, was co-written with Ike Brannon and Zackary Hawley. The individual income-tax code offers a multitude of …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/rethinking-tax-benefits-for-home-owners/

Artfully resolving Detroit’s bankruptcy

…The attached policy study was co-authored by R Street Midwest Director Alan Smith. For the first three decades of the 20th Century, Detroit was the second fastest-growing city in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/artfully-resolving-detroits-bankruptcy/

Bringing local knowledge to federal lands

Feb 10, 2014…The United States might indeed be one nation, indivisible, but there are huge differences between its eastern and western halves when it comes to federal lands. In the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/bringing-local-knowledge-to-federal-lands/

Has the NSA poisoned the cloud?

Jan 27, 2014…The U.S. technology industry enters 2014 facing a backlash to its perceived role as accomplice to a series of National Security Agency surveillance programs, each making extensive use …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/has-the-nsa-poisoned-the-cloud/

Moving to work

Jan 2, 2014…The following piece was co-authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer. Between 1776 and 1890, when the U.S. Census Bureau famously declared the frontier closed, Americans who found themselves …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/moving-to-work/

2013 Insurance Regulation Report Card

Dec 18, 2013…Welcome to the R Street Institute's 2013 Insurance Regulation Report Card, our annual examination of which states are doing the best job of regulating the business of insurance. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/2013-insurance-regulation-report-card/

Why road pricing matters

Dec 12, 2013…Road pricing — the use of fees or tolls applied to road usage — is the most promising tool we have to improve the productivity of America's aging …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/why-road-pricing-matters/

Government sources of systemic insurable risk

Dec 3, 2013…In mid-2013, three years after the Dodd-Frank Act's passage, American International Group Inc. and Prudential Financial Inc. became the first insurance companies to be designated by the Financial …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/government-sources-of-systemic-insurable-risk/

The promise of e-cigarettes for tobacco harm reduction

Nov 21, 2013…Nicotine vaporizers, usually referred to as e-cigarettes, show substantial promise as a vehicle for tobacco harm reduction (THR). Skyrocketing sales of e-cigarettes, consumer advocacy for these products, and …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-promise-of-e-cigarettes-for-tobacco-harm-reduction/

Restoring the RESTORE Act’s conservative principles

Nov 19, 2013…The 2010 Gulf Coast oil spill was the largest offshore oil spill in American history. For 87 days, the Macondo prospect gushed oil into the Gulf of Mexico …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/restoring-the-restore-acts-conservative-principles/

The economic benefits of protected lands: A government-lite approach

Nov 12, 2013…During the 1966 fight over whether to construct dams within the Grand Canyon, the Sierra Club made their objections known through a full-page advertisement in the New York …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-economic-benefits-of-protected-lands-a-government-lite-approach/

Ten reforms to fix Florida’s property insurance marketplace — without raising rates

Nov 7, 2013…Florida's property insurance system remains broken and need of significant changes. Past studies from the James Madison Institute have demonstrated the challenges that Florida's unstable property insurance market …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/ten-reforms-to-fix-floridas-property-insurance-marketplace-without-raising-rates/

A state approach to flood insurance reform in Florida

Nov 5, 2013…With various provisions of the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 taking effect this year, there is growing concern that scheduled rate increases by the National Flood …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-state-approach-to-flood-insurance-reform-in-florida/

The value of conservation compliance to hunters and anglers

Sep 16, 2013…In recent years, free-market groups and environmental activists have demonstrated they can work together effectively to root out wasteful federal subsidies that benefit environmentally destructive development. As such …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-value-of-conservation-compliance-to-hunters-and-anglers/

Opportunities for the expansion of the Coastal Barrier Resources Act of 1982

Sep 6, 2013…Current government policy incentivizes behavior that both harms the environment and wastes taxpayer dollars. Rooting out these policies and finding ways to dampen their negative effects offers an …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/opportunities-for-the-expansion-of-the-coastal-barrier-resources-act-of-1982/

Climate change: It’s time for a conservative alternative

Aug 30, 2013…President Barack Obama's climate agenda announced in June 2013 represents the latest of many Democratic Party efforts to address climate change. Although it includes no new legislation, the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/climate-change-its-time-for-a-conservative-alternative/

Responsible prison reform

Jul 15, 2013…Between 1979 and mid-2013, the Bureau of Justice Statistics reports the number of Americans behind bars rose from roughly 314,000 to about 2 million. Today, the United States …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/responsible-prison-reform-2/

Strange bedfellows: SmarterSafer.org and the Biggert-Waters Act of 2012

Jun 11, 2013…  PDF Download Text This paper by R Street President Eli Lehrer, which originally appeared in the Spring 2013 issue of the Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum,  focuses …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/strange-bedfellows-smartersafer-org-and-the-biggert-waters-act-of-2012/

Defending America, defending taxpayers

Jun 4, 2013… PDF Download Text As conservative organizations, the R Street Institute and National Taxpayers Union believe strongly in a robust national defense. However, our groups also believe strongly in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/defending-america-defending-taxpayers/

Spotlight on NC’s auto insurance system: Seven things to understand

May 28, 2013…Authored by R Street Senior Fellows R.J. Lehmann and Alan Smith, this paper outlines how the North Carolina Rate Bureau works and how it stifles competition and innovation. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/spotlight-on-ncs-auto-insurance-system-seven-things-to-understand/

R Street policy statement on crop insurance reform

May 1, 2013…As Congress returns for a second attempt at crafting fiscally responsible food and farm policy, it should ensure that basic limitations to taxpayer liability are applied to federally …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/r-street-policy-statement-on-crop-insurance-reform-2/

Cutting the corporate tax rate means cutting corporate taxes

Apr 19, 2013…In 1986, the United States cut its corporate tax rate close to the current rate of 35 percent as part of broad, comprehensive tax reform at both the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/cutting-the-corporate-tax-rate-means-cutting-corporate-taxes-2/

Reducing smoking: A guide for state policy makers

Mar 14, 2013… PDF Download Text A review of public health literature related to smoking cessation suggests smoking bans and efforts to stop minors from smoking can be very effective. They …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reducing-smoking-a-guide-for-state-policy-makers/

Analysis of the South Carolina coastal property insurance market

Mar 5, 2013… PDF Download Text This paper aims to clarify the debate over property insurance rates and provide a basis for rational discussion of the current situation in South Carolina’s …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/analysis-of-the-south-carolina-coastal-property-insurance-market/

Reforming Michigan’s auto insurance market

Jan 22, 2013… PDF Download Text Michigan’s unaffordably high auto insurance premiums result in large part from its unique requirement granting all policyholders unlimited lifetime medical benefits. Higher rates of medical …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/reforming-michigans-auto-insurance-market/

Coastal preservation through Citizens reform

Jan 16, 2013… PDF Download Text The 30-year-old federal Coastal Barrier Resources Act has been successful in promoting conservation of natural resources, fiscal responsibility, and the reduction of inappropriate high-risk coastal …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/coastal-preservation-through-citizens-reform/

R Street policy on tobacco harm reduction

Jan 3, 2013…Tobacco Harm Reduction (THR) is a policy and process by which smokers who are unable or unwilling to quit smoking are enabled and encouraged to switch to a …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/r-street-policy-on-tobacco-harm-reduction-2/

Medical cost containment in the Wisconsin workers’ compensation market

Dec 10, 2012…Wisconsin’s 20-year-old certified database system, used to resolve disputes about the reasonableness of medical reimbursements paid by workers’ compensation carriers, has failed to control costs and should be …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/medical-cost-containment-in-the-wisconsin-workers-compensation-market/

The ‘dos’ and ‘don’ts’ of the Fiscal Cliff

Dec 3, 2012…With the end of the year fast approaching, the conversation about how Congress should address the “fiscal cliff” is heating up. If Washington fails to act, the New …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-dos-and-donts-of-the-fiscal-cliff-2/

A tax hit list for the 113th Congress

Nov 28, 2012…As Congress ponders whether it can reach agreement to avoid the so-called "fiscal cliff," this paper argues that, in addition to identifying credits, deductions, and exemptions that could …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/a-tax-hit-list-for-the-113th-congress/

Conservation compliance: The obscure environmental provision key to protecting taxpayers and privatizing crop insurance

Oct 29, 2012…The overwhelming majority of American farms receive federal subsidies of some sort. These payments are controversial and, in the opinion of many who favor smaller government, ought not …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/conservation-compliance-the-obscure-environmental-provision-key-to-protecting-taxpayers-and-privatizing-crop-insurance/

Small business credit still a problem

Sep 11, 2012… PDF Download Text American small businesses create 65 percent of all net new jobs and employ roughly half of all workers in the private sector. According to the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/small-business-credit-still-a-problem/

Analysis of S. 637, the Earthquake Insurance Affordability Act

Aug 6, 2012… PDF Download Text S. 637, introduced by Sens. Barbara Boxer and Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., would displace an existing private market by replacing private reinsurance with a federal government …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/analysis-of-s-627-the-earthquake-insurance-affordability-act/

R Street Shorts – Michigan Catastrophic Claims Association

Jul 24, 2012…Under Michigan’s unique personal injury protection auto insurance system, every insured driver in the state must pay a fee to the state-run Michigan Catastrophic Claims Association and, in …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/r-street-shorts-michigan-catastrophic-claims-association-2/

How should insurers treat tobacco use?: A review of the research

Jul 11, 2012…Co-published by R Street and the Heartland Institute, this paper explores a growing body of data, including several studies from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, finding that certain …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/how-should-insurers-treat-tobacco-use-a-review-of-the-research-2/

Green Scissors 2012

Jun 26, 2012… PDF Download Text Green Scissors 2012 recommends nearly $700 billion in cuts to wasteful and environmentally harmful federal spending. It is produced by Friends of the Earth, Taxpayers for …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/green-scissors-2012/

2012 Insurance Regulation Report Card

Jun 4, 2012… PDF Download Text A state-by-state study of the U.S. insurance regulatory system, examining which states are doing the best job of regulating insurance through limited, effective and efficient …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/2012-insurance-regulation-report-card-3/

Texas’ margins tax: principles for reform

Feb 1, 2012…This policy brief, co-authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer and Texas Director Julie Drenner, was issued by the Heartland Institute in February 2012. The pair looked at …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/texas-margins-tax-principles-for-reform-2-2/

Workable solutions for Florida’s challenging insurance problems

Jan 17, 2012… PDF Download Text This paper, co-authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer and Public Affairs Director R.J. Lehmann, was published in January 2012 by the James Madison Institute. …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/workable-solutions-for-floridas-challenging-insurance-problems/

The case for creating a Michigan auto insurance fraud prevention agency

Nov 17, 2011… PDF Download Text This report, authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer, was issued by the Heartland Institute in November 2011. It recommends the State of Michigan, which …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/the-case-for-creating-a-michigan-auto-insurance-fraud-prevention-agency/

Green Scissors 2011

Aug 24, 2011… PDF Download Text This report, co-authored by R Street President Eli Lehrer, was issued in August 2011 as a joint project of the Heartland Institute, Friends of the …

http://www.rstreet.org/policy-study/green-scissors-2011-2/

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