From TIME:

Adam Thierer, a senior fellow at the center-right, pro-free market think tank R Street Institute, has written about how licensing and other efforts to regulate AI could stifle innovation. Thierer also points out the “Orwellian” levels of surveillance that would be required in order to prevent unpermitted AI developers training frontier systems, and is skeptical that other countries, China in particular, would follow the same rules.

Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer unveiled his proposed approach to AI regulation in June, calling on Congress to act swiftly. But Congress is only one of the battlegrounds in the coming debate. “I think all of the action is in the agencies, in the courts, at the state level in the United States,” says Thierer. “And then in the world of NGOs and business developments and the governance thereof.”