While much of the executive order is in theory uncontroversial, its implementation could become an issue, Adam Thierer, a senior fellow at the R Street Institute, told McClatchy News.

“There is a danger of reading (the guidelines) too broadly to authorize administrative agencies to aggressively regulate in ways that Congress has not yet authorized for artificial intelligence,” Thierer said.

Thierer, who is in favor of a lighter-touch approach to AI regulation, wrote in an analysis of the executive order that AI policy has largely been driven by “dystopian narratives” and “worst-case scenarios.”

“We shouldn’t treat algorithmic innovators as guilty until proven innocent,” Thierer said. “We should wait and see what the problems are that develop and address them in a piecemeal, iterative, and flexible fashion to ensure we maximize innovation.”