External Policy Studies


, Lawfare
The Law and Policy of Client-Side Scanning
Paul Rosenzweig

In recent years, two unfortunate trends have converged in cybersecurity—the growth of child pornography distributed online and the proliferation of encryption systems that enable the distribution…

Of Monopolies and Monocultures: The Intersection of Patents and National Security
Charles Duan


It was certainly an odd thing for the Department of Justice attorney arguing for the United States to appear before the Ninth Circuit to tell the appellate judges that a federal…

, Fed Soc
The Evolution of Modern Use-of-Force Policies and the Need for Professionalism in Policing
Arthur Rizer & Emily Mooney

The American people delegate to the police the authority to enforce criminal laws and promote public safety. As part of that delegation, we give officers the power to use force and even…

, The Square One Project
The “Radical” Notion of the Presumption of Innocence
Arthur Rizer


The presumption of innocence has been a bulwark of the American justice system since the nation’s founding. Yet, the current scope and scale of pretrial detention prevents…

, Written Description
Who’s Afraid of Section 1498?: Government Patent Use as Versatile Policy Tool
Charles Duan

From vaccines to ventilators to diagnostic tests, technology has dominated response strategies to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Where technology leads, patent law and policy follow. Recently, some…

, National Affairs
Changing Police Norms
Daniel Semelsberger & Arthur Rizer

*This article was peer reviewed by professionals who are subject matter experts in the field of police diversion. Reviewers include: Nixon Camilien, PhD, Jac A. Charlier, Elizabeth Sinclair, and…

The U.S. can reform housing finance without any action from Congress
Alex J. Pollock

The U.S. came out of the 2007-12 housing bust with a housing finance system even more government-centric than it was before, because the Government completely took over Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac by…

Ten years later, the U.S. is still debating Fannie and Freddie
Alex J. Pollock

The giant U.S. government-guaranteed mortgage companies, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, were and are unique features of American housing finance compared to other countries. In the days before their…

, The Brookings Institute
Enough of our budget farce
Philip Wallach

The Trump administration’s new budget is fake news. That isn’t because it fails to live up to its grandiose title: “A Budget for a Better America: Promises Kept. Taxpayers First.” Nor is…

, American Action Forum
A Framework for Increasing Competition and Diffusion in Artificial Intelligence
Caleb Watney

Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is developing rapidly, and countries from around the globe are beginning to articulate national strategies for handling the political ramifications. With A.I….