From American Enterprise Institute:

That isn’t the only long-term concern, however. Some key components of the American innovation engine are also at stake. R Street analyst Caleb Watney explains in The Atlantic how the coronavirus pandemic and Trump administration response “are damaging the engine of American innovation in three major ways: The flow of talented people from overseas is slowing; the university hubs that produce basic research and development are in financial turmoil; and the circulation of people and ideas in high-productivity industrial clusters, such as Silicon Valley, has been impeded.”

The recent threat to student visas encapsulates all of the above concerns. Its implementation would have massively disrupted the movement of bright immigrants from around the world through the American university system and then into the tech sector as highly skilled workers and entrepreneurs. As it is, the mere threat may have permanently raised uncertainty levels for potential immigrants, “signaling to young people overseas that, should they ever want to attend an American university, they might not be welcome,” Watney writes.

And if they still want to come, our public university system may be in bad shape to accept them if cash-strapped states slash higher education budgets. And if foreign students don’t come, things will be even worse. Watney: “Without further support, American colleges and universities face significant faculty and research budget cuts. The potential for disinvestment is greatest in the science and engineering departments, which rely most heavily on international students.”

And this is the big point: “What Americans should not do is expect past economic momentum to carry the U.S. through the present crisis. Just as the coronavirus won’t go away on its own, the sources of economic innovation in the United States won’t just maintain themselves.” No, we should not. Already facing a long-term “new normal” of historically slow economic growth, the pandemic may well have added to the challenge of moving from stagnation to acceleration. As policymakers continue to focus on economic support for individuals and business, they should make sure they are also supporting the American system of innovation — or at least not harming it further.