Dear Senator Coons, Senator Cotton, Senator Durbin and Senator Hirono:
The undersigned write this letter to express serious concerns about S. 1390, the STRONGER Patents Act of 2017, which will not only undermine vital congressional reforms that American businesses have relied on to fight back against frivolous, abusive patent litigation, but also embolden litigation abusers and significantly worsen the ability of American companies of all sizes to grow, innovate, and create jobs.
Congress overwhelmingly passed the America Invents Act (AIA) of 2011 after years of careful bipartisan consideration, debate and negotiation. Among the most significant advancements made possible by the AIA was the creation of new post-grant review procedures, including the Inter Partes Review (IPR) program at the Patent and Trademark Office (PTO). The intent of Congress in creating IPR was to improve patent quality by allowing the PTO to take another look at patents of questionable validity, which are the primary fuel of patent litigation abuse.
Since its inception, IPR has proven to be a fair and successful program that improves the patent system. For example, through the IPR program the PTO has reconsidered and invalidated patents on basic processes like sending an email when a new real estate listing is posted, scanning a document and sending it to email, sending emails with package tracking information, and posting a podcast. Each of these invalid patents fueled abusive litigation against American companies, many of which were small businesses and startups that could not afford to fight in court. The STRONGER Patents Act would dismantle this beneficial program, allowing licensing demands and litigation on poor quality patents that would continue to drain precious resources away from job creation and the development of new products and services.
In addition, the STRONGER Patents Act would dramatically increase the leverage those same abusers have to threaten all job-creating American businesses by overturning a decade’s worth of unanimous Supreme Court patent decisions that have clarified and improved the patent landscape. For example, the bill would usher in the return of automatic injunctions at district courts, allowing patent trolls who make no competing products and only want licensing payments to halt the availability of complex products covered by thousands of patents based on infringement of one patent by a trivial feature. The bill would also greatly expand the liability for induced infringement, allowing trolls to sue companies that merely provide general purpose goods and services because of the way their customers use them, even when the company has no control over the use or knowledge of the patent.
And while the STRONGER Patents Act includes provisions providing the FTC with authority to regulate bad faith assertions of patent infringement, those provisions do not address the abusive demand letters sent by patent trolls. The STRONGER Patents Act limits the FTC’s authority, prevents state attorneys general from protecting their citizens from abusive patent trolls, and creates numerous loopholes that will allow trolls to escape liability. These changes will aid, rather than prevent, the abusive litigation tactics favored by trolls.
The STRONGER Patents Act will only distract Congress from the real problems facing the U.S. patent system and plaguing the American economy: abusive patent litigation by patent trolls and poor quality patents.
4A’s (American Association of Advertising Agencies)
Adobe Systems, Inc.
Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers
American Hotel & Lodging Association
Application Developers Alliance
Association of Global Automakers Birch Studio
Callware Technologies, Inc.
Computer & Communications Industry Association
Cisco Systems, Inc.
Consumer Technology Association
Culver Franchising System, Inc.
Emerald People’s Utility District
Graphics Arts Association
Great Lakes Graphics Association
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
HTC America, Inc.
Innovative Energy Inc.
The Internet Association
MPA-The Association of Magazine Media
National Association of Convenience Stores
National Association of Home Builders
National Association of Realtors
National Council of Chain Restaurants
National Grocers Association
National Restaurant Association
National Retail Federation NetApp, Inc.
New Jersey Gasoline, C-Store, Automotive Association
The New York Association of Convenience Stores
Ohio Council of Retail Merchants
Ohio Hotel & Lodging Association
Pacific Printing Industries Association
Printing Association of Florida, Inc.
Printing & Graphics Association MidAtlantic
Printing & Imaging Association of Georgia
Printing & Imaging Association of MidAmerica
Printing Industries Alliance
Printing Industries Association of San Diego, Inc.
Printing Industries Association Inc. of Southern California
Printing Industries of the Gulf Coast
Printing Industries of Michigan, Inc. Printing Industries of Utah
Printing Industries Midwest
Printing Industries of Ohio- North Kentucky
Printing Industry Association of the South, Inc.
The Printing Industry of the Carolinas, Inc.
Print Media Association QVC, Inc.
R Street Institute
Red Hat, Inc.
Retail Industry Leaders Association Salesforce.com, Inc.
Sebasco Harbor Resort
cc: Members, United States Senate